Termites are known as “silent destroyers” because of their ability to chew through wood, flooring and even wallpaper undetected. There are about 2,000 known termite species in the world. Each year, termites cause more than $5 billion in property damage.
Termites if found in your premise, should be immediately reported to a certified PCO (Pest Control Operator). Normally DIY solution may subside the issue later posing a big problem.
All the points of contact of wooden structure to the walls, or ground are treated for termite proofing, soil treatment recommended for ground floor premises.
Some sites require one-time service with inspections and warrantee clauses others need to be periodically treated for a long term solution on AMC basis.
Do not let water seep into your walls, get proper water proofing done, keep terrace drain unblocked, avoid overflowing of water tanks, basement premises need to be more careful that water is not flooded in rainy season or due to choked drains.
Do not stock unnecessary wooden logs, cardboard boxes, files and papers should be properly stacked, masonry structure properly reconstructed, keep area ventilated and avoid locking the premises for long intervals.
Wood-boring insects are among the most destructive pests of ornamental trees and shrubs. Most borers are the larvae (immature stages) of certain moths and beetles. They tunnel and feed under the bark in living wood, destroying water- and sap-conducting tissues. This causes girdling, branch dieback, structural weakness, and decline and eventual death of susceptible plants. Infestation sites also provide entry points for plant pathogens.
Clearwing and flat-headed borers are the main types that attack woody ornamentals. The groups differ somewhat in their habits and host preferences, which can affect the approach for controlling them with insecticides. The keys to controlling these pests are to keep plants healthy and, if necessary, to treat during those times of the year when the insects are vulnerable to insecticides.
Infestation and Damage
Borers rarely infest healthy plants growing in their natural environments. However, when trees or shrubs are transplanted into the landscape, stresses such as drought, soil compaction, sun scald, or injuries can weaken them and make them more susceptible to attack. Adults may locate suitable egg-laying sites by responding to volatile chemicals that emanate from stressed trees.
Adult borers emerge from infested trees in the spring or summer. After mating, the females fly to a suitable host and lay eggs on the bark, often in crevices or around wounds. Hatching occurs about 10 days to 2 weeks later. The young larvae quickly tunnel beneath the bark where they feed and grow. Once inside the tree, borer larvae are no longer vulnerable to insecticide sprays and are seldom detected until serious damage has been done.
Several species of clearwing and flat-headed borers can infest landscape plants. While some are attracted to a range of hosts, most attack only certain kinds of trees and shrubs. It is important to know when the adults of each species are active and which plants are vulnerable in order for treatment to be effective.
Insecticide injected into borer tunnels. Process repeated until completely eliminated.
Use good quality and treated boards and ply.